Reading Passage 1
You should waste about 20 minutes on Questions 1- 13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
A. The atmosphere of the Earth is always changing. In the past, it has altered as a consequence of natural induces. Nowadays, however, the term’ climate change’ is generally used when referring to changes in our atmosphere which have been identified since the early part of the twentieth century. The conversions we’ve seen over recent years and those which are predicted to occur over the next 100 times are thought by numerous to be predominantly a result of human behaviour rather than due to natural the developments in the atmosphere. And this is what is so significant about current climatic vogues; ever been has being toy such a significant role in determining long-term weather patterns- we are entering the unknown and there is no precedent for what might happen next.
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B. The greenhouse effect is very important when we talk about climate change as it relates to the gases which keep the Earth warm. Although the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon, it is believed that the effect could be intensified by human activity and the emission of gases into the atmosphere. It is the extra greenhouse gases which humans have exhausted which are thought to pose the strongest threat. Certain investigates, such as Dr Michael Crawley, say:’ even though this natural phenomenon does exist it is without a doubt human activity that has worsened its result; this is evident when comparing data regarding the earth’s temperature in the last one hundred years with the one hundred years prior to the opening of that.’ Some scientists, nonetheless, spat this as Dr Ray Ellis recommends:’ human activity may be contributing a small amount to climate change but this increase in temperature is an unavoidable fact based on the research data we have compiled.
C. Scientists around the globe are looking at all the evidence surrounding climate change and using advanced engineering have come up with prognosis for our future environment and climate. The next theatre of that work, which is just as important, is currently considering the knock-on effects of potential deepens. For lesson, are we likely to see an increase in precipitation and sea level? Does this imply there will be an increase in flooding and what can we do to protect ourselves from that? How will our state be affected by climate change, how will agricultural practices alter and how will wildlife coping? What will the effects on coral be? Professor Max Leonard has suggested,’ while it was possible to controversial some would argue that climate change could generate with it positive effects as well as negative ones’.
D. There are many practices various regions of the world whose sole priority is to take action against these environmental problems. Green Peace is an organisation that is probably the most well-known. It is an international organisation that campaigns in favour of researching and promoting solutions to climate change expose the companies and governments the hell is barricade war hallways to change national and international policy, and bears witness to the impacts of unnecessary destruction and harmful human activity.
E. The problem of climate change is without a doubt something that this generation and the generations to come need to deal with. Fortunately, the use of renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular, which means that little exertion is devoured as renewable energy is generated from natural resources–such as sunlight, gale, downpour, tides, and geothermal heat–which can be naturally replenished. Another direction to help the environment, in terms of climate change, is by travelling light. Walking or going a bicycle instead of driving a vehicle expends fewer fossil fuels which secrete carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In add-on, consuming produces that are made from recycled paper, glass, metal and plastic reduce carbon emissions because they use less intensity to invent than products made from completely new textiles. Recycling paper likewise saves trees and causes them continue to limit climate change naturally as they remain in the forest, where they remove carbon from the flavor. Professor Mark Halton, who has completed many studies in this area, has stated:’ with all this information and the possible action that we can take, it isn’t too late to save our planet from over-heating and the even worse side-effects of our own activity
Reading Passage 1 has 5 sections, A- E.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the compensate character A- E in the boxes below.
NB You may use any character more than once.
1. A natural phenomenon that could also feign climate change.
2. Steps we can take to help overturn the situation.
3. An explanation of what climate change is.
4. Organisations that want to help.
5. Possible the consequences of climate change.
Look at the following people( Questions 6 -9) and the roll of statements below.
Match every person with the remedy statement, A- F.
6. Professor Max Leonard
7. Dr Michael Crawley
8. Professor Mark Halton
9. Dr Ray Ellis
A. We have the ability to change the situation
B. Climate Change is Inevitable
C. Human have become developments in the situation much worse
D. Climate Change might not be all bad
E. Human activity and natural brave phenomena
F. While we may not be too late to save our planet, there are bound to be some extreme side-effects of past human activity one nature or the other
Questions 10 -1 3
Write the correct letter, A- F, in spaces 6-9.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In cavities 10 -1 3 below, write
YES, if the statements agree with the information
NO, if the statements contradict the information
NOT GIVEN, if there is no information on this
10. Man is not fully is accountable for global warming.
11. Scientists have come up with new indication about the adverse consequences of carbon-free sources of energy such as nuclear power
12. One of the purposes of Green Peace is to find out which companies and governments are doing things which don’t help the actions of environmentalists.
13. Most parties aren’t willing to start using renewable energy.
Reading Passage 2
You should waste about 20 minutes on Questions 14 – 26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.
A. Most countries’ education systems have had what you might call school adversities, but, unhappily, in many areas of certain countries, these’ accidents’ are still evident today. The English education system is peculiar due to the fact that there are still dozens of class which are known as private schools, and they continue liberty and social division. Most countries have some private schools for the children of the wealthy; England is able to more than triple the average number globally. England has around 3,000 private school, and simply under half a million children are educated at them whilst some nine million children are educated at government schools. The overwhelm majority of students at private school too collected from middle-class families.
B. The outcome of this system is evident, and it has much English history embedded within it. The knowledge seem to speak for themselves. In the private structure, almost half the students go on to University, whilst in the government organization, exclusively about eight per cent make it to further education. However, statistics such as these can be deceitful due to the fact that middle-class children done better at exams than working-class ones, and most of them stays on at institution after 16. Private institutions, hence, have certain advantages over position schools as they are entirely’ middle class ‘, and this creates an environment of success where students work harder and apply themselves more diligently to their school work.
C. Private institutions are extortionately expensive, being as much as PS1 8,000 a year at somewhere such as Harrow or Eton, where Princes William and Harry attended, and at least PS8, 000 a year almost everywhere else. There are many mothers who are not affluent or even comfortably off but are willing to sacrifice a great deal in the cause of their children’s schooling. It mystifies numerous beings as to why they need to spend such vast amounts when there are perfectly acceptable state schools that don’t expense a penny. One parent payed his reasoning for moving his son to a private school,’ If my lad gets a five-per cent-better chance of going to University then that may be the difference between success and failing .” It would seem to the average person that a PS50, 000 minimum total cost of second-level education is a lot to pay for a five-per cent-better chance. Most children, given a choice, would make the money and invest it on more pleasant things rather than shelling it out on a school that is too posh for its own good.
D. However, some say that the real reason that parents fork up the cash is prejudice: they don’t want their little kids mingling with the “workers”, or picking up an unwanted accent. In addition to this, it wouldn’t do, if at the next dinner party all the clients were boasting about moving their kids to the same place where the lad of the third cousin of Prince Charles is going, and you say your kid is going to the state school down the road, even if you could pocket the money for yourself instead, and, as a result, be able to serve the best Champagne with the smoked salmon and duck. It is a fact, however, that at many of the best private schools, your fund buys you something. One school, with 500 students, has 11 science laboratories; another clas with 800 pupils, has 30 music tradition chambers; another has 16 squash laws, and yet another has its own beach.
E. Private schools waste PS300 per pupil a year on investing in structures and equipment; the government structure expends less than PS50. On bibles, the fraction is 3 to 1. One of the things that your fund buys which is difficult to quantify is the appearance of the school, the practice it searches. Most private schools that you will find are set in beautiful, well-kept country houses, with lengthy feet and gardens. In comparison with the state class, they tend to look like castles, with the worst of the state academies looks a lot like public lavatories, perhaps even tiled or covered in graffiti. Many may even have an architectural layout that is just about on the level of an industrial shed
Question 14 -2 0
Choose the redres letter A, B, C or D.
14. The English educational system differs from the other ones because
A. it “ve tried to” compile district and private equal.
B. more students are trained at private schools than position schools
C. it contributes to creating a class system within society.
D. it is more expensive to run
15. There are more private school children who go to university because
A. the lessons and schoolteachers at the private school are much better.
B. their parents often send their children to private schools
C. the government has more schooling hours
D. the school create a successful environment.
16. A fortune of parents often send their children to private schools
A.because they are not well-informed.
B. to show how much money they have to their friends
C. to increase their chances of have been successful in the university exams.
D. because of the better plays facilities.
17. It is a possibility that some parents of children in private schools are
A. prejudiced and superficial.
B. was more intelligent than those with children at commonwealth schools.
C. well-brought-up and cultivated.
D. was overly protective.
18. Private school
A. ever have their own beaches.
B. learn athletics that regime academies do not.
C. devote more coin per student than in government schools.
D. invest more money on hiring good teachers.
19. the writer thinks that private-school buildings
A. is very attractive and luxurious.
B.generally do not look very nice.
C. is too big for the amount of students who attend the school.
D. are not built to suit the student’s needs.
20. In general, what do you think the writer’s opinion of private schools is?
A. It isn’t fair that those without fund can’t attend them.
B. They divide social classes but they render better equipment and a more creative environment.
C. Here i am little discrepancies between private and district schools.
D. They have the best teachers.
Questions 21 -2 6
Complete the decisions below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the legislation for each answer.
The fact that there are so many private schools in England, in comparison to other countries, attains the English educational system 21 __________Most students in these schools are from 22 __________ houses. These students seem to do better at quizs although statistics can be 23 __________One of the advantages of private schools is that they seem to provide students with a better, more positive environment that encourages them to 24 __________themselves to their school work with more warmth. A slew of not very well-off parents form big sacrifices for their children’s 25 __________ to help them go to respectable universities. Regrettably, many mood school buildings sometimes have the appearance of an industrial 26 _________.
Reading Passage 3
You should expend about 20 minutes on Questions 27- 40, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
Martin Lut her King
A. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the son of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. He had an older sister, Willie Christine King, and a younger brother Alfred Daniel Williams King. Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School. He bounced a one-ninth and twelfth grade and registered Morehouse College at senility fifteen without formally graduating from high school. From the time that Martin was born, he knew that black people and white people had different freedoms in certain parts of America.
B. If a pitch-black household wanted to eat at a eatery, they had to sit in a separate section of the restaurants sector. They had to sit at the back of the cinema and even use separate bathrooms. Worse, and perhaps even more humiliating still, in numerous southern nations, if a black being was on a bus and all the seats were made, he would have to endure the indignity of relinquishing his own accommodate to a white man. King could never understand the terrible injustice of this. In 1948, he graduated with a Bachelor of Art degree in sociology. Later, King began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy on June 5, 1955. King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, and they had four children.
C. Returning to the South to become pastor of a Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King firstly achieved national reputation when he cured mobilise the black boycott of the Montgomery bus organisation in 1955. This was organised after Rosa Parks, a black maid, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man- in the segregated south, black people could only sit at the back of the bus. The 382 -day boycott led the bus companionship to change its regulations, and the Supreme Court showed such segregation unconstitutional.
D. In 1957 King was active in the organisation of the Southern Leadership Christian Conference( SCLC ), formed to co-ordinate protests against discrimination. He advocated non-violent direct action based on the methods of Gandhi, who led protests against British rule in India culminating in India’s independence in 1947. In 1963, King guided mass protests against discriminatory practices in Birmingham, Alabama, where the grey person were violently repelling integrating. The metropolitan was dubbed’ Bombingham’ as onrushes against civil rights demonstrators increased, and King was arrested and jailed for his part in the protests.
E. After his freeing, King participated in the enormous civil rights march, in Washington, in August 1963, and implemented his prominent’ I have a dream’ communication, predicting a day when the promise of freedom and equality for all would become a reality in America. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965, he contributed a campaign to register blacks to vote. The same year the US Congress passed the Voting Rights Act outlawing the discriminatory practices that had forbidden blackness from electing in the south.
F. As the civil rights movement became increasingly radicalised, King found that his word of peaceful protest was not shared by countless in our next generation. King began to protest against the Vietnam War and poverty levels in the US. On March 29, 1968, King went to Memphis, Tennessee, in supporting the pitch-black hygienic public works employees who had been on strike since March 12 for higher wages and better treatment. In one happen, black street repairmen had received pay for two hours when they were sent home because of bad weather, but white-hot works had been paid for the full daylight. King could not bear to stay where you are and give such patent acts of racism vanish unnoticed. He moved to unite his beings, and all the peoples of America on the receiving cease of discriminatory practices, to protest for their own rights, peacefully but steadfastly.
G. On his trip to Memphis, King was booked into office 306 at the Lorraine Motel, owned by Walter Bailey. King was shot at 6:01 p.m. April 4, 1968, while he was standing on the motel’s second-floor balcony. King was raced to St. Joseph’s Hospital, where physicians opened his chest and accomplished manual center rub. He was stressed dead at 7:05 p.m. King’s autopsy is demonstrated that although he was only 39 years old, he had the heart of a 60 -year-old man.
Questions 27- 31
Choose the rectify note A, B, C or D.
27. From a young age Martin Luther King
A. wanted to protest for the rights of black people.
B. could not understand why black people is a matter differently.
C. was not allowed to go to the cinema or to restaurants.
D. was aware that black people were being humbled in countless northern states.
28. What first did Martin Luther King acclaimed?
A. the black boycott of the Montgomery bus system
B. becoming a pastor at a Baptist Church
C. when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus
D. where reference is caused Rosa Parks not to give up her bus posterior to a white man
29. What influenced Martin Luther King considering non-violence?
A. India’s independence in 1947
C. the Southern Leadership Christian Conference
D. the methods used in Gandhi
30. What did Martin Luther King fight for in 1965?
A. the protection of the rights of black people to vote
B. the actions of the US Congress
C. the right to win the Nobel Peace Prize
D. the protection of the rights of black people to travel abroad
31. How did Martin Luther King feel about the civil rights movement?
A. It was helping the war in Vietnam.
B. It raised the younger generation together.
C. It had been exploited by politicians who wanted to get more votes.
D. The demonstrators sometimes behaved too violently.
Questions 32- 34
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3? In gaps 32 -3 4 below, write
YES, if the statements agree with the information
NO, if the statements belie the information
NOT GIVEN, if there is no informed of this
32. The pitch-black boycott of the Montgomery bus organization was a success.
33. In 1963 the white people in Alabama demanded desegregation.
34. Martin Luther King achieved a lot in his protest against the Vietnam War.
Questions 35 -4 0
Reading Passage 3 has 6 paragraphs.
Choose the chasten ability for each section -AF, from the inventory of headings.
Write the remedy amount, i- viii, in spaces 35 -4 0 below.
35. Paragraph A
37. Paragraph C
38. Paragraph D
39. Paragraph E
40. Paragraph F
i. the memorable speech
ii. Unhappy about violence
iii. A distressing incident
iv. Protests and action
v. The background of an iconic man
vi. Making his crisscros internationally
vii. Difficult childhood
viii. Black street repairmen
Answers Reading Passage 1
” The greenhouse effect is critical when we talk about climate change … the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon”.
The paragraph discusses the use of renewable energy, abusing less fossil fuel and recycling as examples of actions that can be taken.
The paragraph characterizes climate change as” changes in our climate which have been identified since the early part of the twentieth century “.
” There are many institutes around the world whose sole priority is to take action against these environmental problems “.
“looking at the knock-on effects of potential changes. For example, are we likely to see an increase in precipitation and sea levels? ”
Paragraph C. “Professor Max Leonard has suggested,’ while it may be controversial some would argue that climate change could generate with it positive effects as well as negative ones’”.
Paragraph B. “such as Dr Michael Crawley, disagrees:’ even though this natural phenomenon does exist it is without a doubt human activity that has been exacerbated its effects…”.
Paragraph E. “with all this information and the possible action we can take. It isn’t too late to save our planet”.
Paragraph B. “Dr Ray Ellis suggests:’ human activity may be contributing a small amount to climate change but this increase in temperature is an unavoidable fact”.
Paragraph B. ’although the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon, it is believed that the effect could be intensified by human activity and the emission of gases into the atmosphere “.
11. Not Given.
There is no mention of nuclear energy.
Paragraph D.” Green Peace is an organisation that … discloses the companies and governments that are blocking action”.
Paragraph E.” Fortunately, the use of renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular “.
Reading Passage 2
Paragraph 1.” Dozens of schools which are known as private schools … perpetuate privilege and social division “.
Paragraph 2.” Private institutions, hence, have certain advantages. as they are entirely’ middle class’ and this creates an environment of success “.
Paragraph 3.’ If my son gets a five-per cent-better chance of going to University then that may be the difference between success and omission .”
Paragraph 4.” The real reason that mothers fork over the cash is prejudice” and the desire to conform to dinner party conventions.
Paragraph 6.” Private schools spend PS300 per pupil a year on investing in buildings and facilities; the territory plan expends less than PS50 “.
Paragraph 7.” Most private schools that you will find are set in beautiful, well-kept country houses, with lengthy feet and garden-varieties “.
Paragraph 1. Private schools ‘perpetuate social disagreement’ and in Paragraph 5, the writer describes equipment such as laboratories, music areas, squash tribunals etc.
21. The English education system is peculiar due to the fact. ,,. as private schools’
22.’ The overwhelming majority of students _ come from middle-class categories .’
23.’ However, statistics such as these can be deceptive …’
24.’ apply themselves more diligently to their school work .’
25.’ There are many mothers _ … Children’s schooling .’
26.’ Many may _. Is just about on the level of an industrial shed .’
Reading Passage 3
Paragraph 1.” If a pitch-black house wanted to eat at a eatery, they had to sit in a separate section of the restaurant … King could never understand this “.
Paragraph 2.” King first achieved national renown when he facilitated mobilise the pitch-black boycott of the Montgomery bus method “.
Paragraph 3.” He advocated non-violent direct action based on the methods of Gandhi “.
Paragraph 4.” In 1965, he headed a campaign to register pitch-blacks to vote “.
Paragraph 5.” King found that his send of peaceful protest was not shared by countless in the younger generation”.
Paragraph 2.” The 382 -day boycott conducted the bus fellowship to change its regulations, and the Supreme Court declared such discrimination unconstitutional “.
Paragraph 3.1 ’ … in Birmingham, Alabama, where the white-hot population were violently standing desegregation. 1
34. Not Given.
Paragraph 5. We only know he began to protest about the Vietnam War but there is no information about the outcome of the protest.
Paragraph A. describes his birthplace, family and education, comprising his background.
Paragraph B. gives details about the demonstrate and boycott of the Montgomery bus system.
Paragraph C.” He advocated non-violent direct activity “.
Paragraph D.” in August 1963, and implemented his acclaimed’ I have a dream’ speech “.
Paragraph E.” King began to protest against the Vietnam War “.
Paragraph F.” into area 306 at the Lorraine motel King was shot
Continue with…Practice Test 46
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